Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) for interim unaudited consolidated financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. The unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company for the year ended June 30, 2019 and notes thereto contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K.
On September 26, 2019, the Company's Board of Directors approved a 1-to-4 reverse split of the Common Stock, which was effective on the NASDAQ Capital Market on September 30, 2019. As a result of the reverse stock split, every 4 shares of issued and outstanding common stock were converted into 1 share of issued and outstanding common stock, with all fractional shares rounded up to the nearest whole share, and the Company's authorized share of common stock were reduced from 200,000,000 to 50,000,000 shares. All share and per share amounts have been retroactively restated to reflect this reverse stock split.
As shown in the accompanying financial statements, the Company incurred negative operating cash flows of $2,534,151 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 and has an accumulated deficit of $115,331,861 from inception through September 30, 2019.
Relmada has funded its past operations through equity raises and most recently in the year ended June 30, 2019. Relmada raised net proceeds from the sale of common stock and warrants of $17,760,635. Further, the Company was able to reduce its debt obligations during the year ended June 30, 2019 by converting $8,030,365 of promissory notes and accrued interest into common stock. The Company also raised an additional $1,275,749 during the three months ended September 30, 2019 from the sale of common stock and warrant exercises.
Management believes that due to the recent equity raises completed and the current cash position on its balance sheet, it has obtained sufficient funding to continue ongoing operations for at least the next twelve months from the issuance of these consolidated quarterly financial statements. Since September 30, 2019 and to date, the Company has received approximately $2,017,000 in cash from exercises of outstanding warrants, which resulted in the Company having approximately $8,010,000 in cash and cash equivalents at November 8, 2019. Based on its budgeted cash flow requirements, the Company believes these funds are sufficient to fund its ongoing operations for at least one year after the issuance of these consolidated quarterly financial statements. The Company expects that the cash burn rate for the 12 months ended December 31, 2020, will be between $5-6 million, which includes approximately $2 million of discretionary research and development (R&D) spending, as the data analysis on the Phase 2a clinical trial is completed and the planning and preparation for the next clinical trial is conducted. Regardless of the results of any ongoing clinical trial, we have control over our expenditures and have the ability to adjust spending accordingly based on the budgeted cash flow requirements developed and the excess cash on hand.
Given the positive results of the Company's Phase 2 clinical trial, management will evaluate the size and scope of any subsequent trials that will affect the timing of additional financings through public or private sales of equity or debt securities or from bank or other loans or through strategic collaboration and/or licensing agreements. Any such expenditures related to any subsequent trials will not be incurred until such additional financing is raised. Further, additional financing related to subsequent trials does not affect the Company's conclusion that based on the cash on hand and the budgeted cash flow requirements, the Company has sufficient funds to maintain operations for the next twelve months from the issuance of these consolidated quarterly financial statements.
Principles of Consolidation
The unaudited consolidated financial statements include the Company's accounts and those of the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The significant estimates are the valuation of derivative liabilities, stock-based compensation expenses and recorded amounts related to income taxes.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers cash deposits and all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company's cash deposits are held at two high-credit-quality financial institutions. The Company's cash deposits at these institutions exceed federally insured limits.
Costs related to filing and pursuing patent applications are recorded as general and administrative expense and expensed as incurred since recoverability of such expenditures is uncertain.
Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Fixed assets are comprised of computers and software, leasehold improvements, and furniture and fixtures. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the assets. Computers and software have an estimated useful life of three years. Furniture and fixtures have an estimated useful life of approximately seven years.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company's financial instruments primarily include cash, receivables and accounts payable. Due to the short-term nature of cash, receivables and accounts payable the carrying amounts of these assets and liabilities approximate their fair value.
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset, or paid to transfer a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants. A fair value hierarchy has been established for valuation inputs that gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The fair value hierarchy is as follows:
Level 1 Inputs - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.
Level 2 Inputs - Inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These might include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (such as interest rates, volatilities, prepayment speeds, credit risks, etc.) or inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by market data by correlation or other means.
Level 3 Inputs - Prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable (supported by little or no market activity).
Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
As required by Accounting Standard Codification (ASC) Topic No. 820 - 10 Fair Value Measurement, financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company's assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the valuation of the fair value of assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. The estimated fair value of the derivative instruments resulting from equity offerings in May 2014 and June 2014 have a down-round protection provision that was calculated with the Black Scholes option pricing model. Sensitivity analysis for the Black-Scholes has many inputs and is subject to judgement which includes volatility. Volatility is based upon the Company's historical volatility and the expected term is based upon the expiration date of the warrants.
The Company's financial liabilities accounted for at fair value were all converted to equity during the year ended June 30, 2019 so that there were no financial liabilities accounted for at fair value, See Note 7.
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Accordingly, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in the tax rate is recognized in income or expense in the period that the change is effective. Tax benefits are recognized when it is probable that the deduction will be sustained. A valuation allowance is established when it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will either expire before the Company is able to realize the benefit, or that future deductibility is uncertain. As of September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019, the Company had recognized a valuation allowance to the full extent of the Company's net deferred tax assets since the likelihood of realization of the benefit does not meet the more likely than not threshold.
The Company files a U.S. Federal income tax return and, various state returns. Uncertain tax positions taken on the Company's tax returns will be accounted for as liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits. The Company will recognize interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits in general and administrative expenses in the statements of operations. There were no liabilities recorded for uncertain tax positions at September 30, 2019 and June 30, 2019. The open tax years, subject to potential examination by the applicable taxing authority, for the Company are from June 30, 2016 through June 30, 2019.
Research and Development
Research and development costs primarily consist of research contracts for the advancement of product development, salaries and benefits, stock-based compensation, and consultants. The Company expenses all research and development costs in the period incurred. The Company makes an estimate of costs in relation to clinical study contracts. The Company analyzes the progress of studies, including the progress of clinical studies and phases, invoices received and contracted costs when evaluating the adequacy of the amount expensed and the related prepaid asset and accrued liability.
The Company measures the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. That cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award - the requisite service period. The grant-date fair value of employee share options is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model adjusted for the unique characteristics of those instruments. Compensation expense for warrants granted to non-employees is determined by the fair value of the consideration received or the fair value of the equity instruments issued, whichever is more reliably measured, and is recognized over the service period. The expense is subsequently adjusted to fair value at the end of each reporting period until such warrants vest, and the fair value of such instruments, as adjusted, is expensed over the related vesting period. Adjustments to fair value at each reporting date may result in income or expense, depending upon the estimate of fair value and the amount of expense recorded prior to the adjustment. The Company reviews its agreements and the future performance obligation with respect to the unvested warrants for its vendors or consultants. When appropriate, the Company will expense the unvested warrants at the time when management deems the service obligation for future services has ceased.
Net Loss per Common Share
Basic net loss per common share attributable to common stockholders is calculated by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period, without consideration for common stock equivalents. Diluted net loss per common share attributable to common stockholders is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common share equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock method. Dilutive common stock equivalents are comprised of Class A convertible preferred stock, Series A preferred stock, restricted stock awards, options and warrants to purchase common stock. For all periods presented, there is no difference in the number of shares used to calculate basic and diluted shares outstanding due to the Company's net loss position.
For the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the following potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share, as the inclusion of such shares would be anti-dilutive:
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), whereby lessees will be required to recognize for all leases at the commencement date a lease liability, which is a lessee's obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee's right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. A modified retrospective transition approach is required, applying the new standard to all leases existing at the date of initial application. An entity may choose to use either (1) its effective date or (2) the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements as its date of initial application. If an entity chooses the second option, the transition requirements for existing leases also apply to leases entered into between the date of initial application and the effective date. The entity must also recast its comparative period financial statement and provide the disclosures required by the new standard for the comparative periods. The Company adopted the new standard on July 1, 2019 and used the effective date as our date of initial application. Consequently, financial information will not be updated and the disclosures required under the new standard will not be provided for dates and periods before July 1, 2019. The adoption of this standard did not have any impact on our unaudited consolidated financial statements.
In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260); Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic 480); Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): (Part I) Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features. These amendments simplify the accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. The amendments require companies to disregard the down round feature when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to its own stock, for purposes of determining liability or equity classification. The Company elected to early adopt ASU 2017-11 effective October 1, 2018. As a result, the Company reversed $59,397 of derivative liabilities recorded on the Company's books, as of July 1, 2018, into equity to reflect the results of this adoption as of the beginning of the fiscal year as required by this standard.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef